Who is the radio amateur operator? What is radio-goniometry?

April 18 is the World Radio Day. Radio Club Sarajevo celebrated its seventieth anniversary.

Radio amateurism is a profession essential for the whole society because radio amateurs establish a connection in the most difficult situations, when it is impossible to establish a connection through the phone and modern means of communication.

There are areas where communications are worse or do not exist at all, when radio amateurs go to the ground with handheld radio stations. Then there are various situations in the crisis situations. There is a radio network for the danger that can be organized in an organized manner, and it is actually formed and maintained exclusively for such needs.

Radio amateurs played a particularly important role during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, when, in the absence of telephone communication, they established conversations between members of families who were physically separated.

During the siege of Sarajevo that lasted over 1,700 days, I was a radio amateur operator in 3 radio amateur clubs. It was a job on a voluntary basis, without salary and without fixed working hours. After the war and the siege of Sarajevo is over, I was awarded by the WUS Austria for my volunteerism.

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Photo: QSL card after the connection between two radio amateurs have been established.

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People did not have communication throughout the city. You do not have electricity, you do not have a telephone at all. So, radio amateurs have made a great contribution to establishing connections and gathering information.

Each time you feel happy when you provide people with information about their family members.

They called us “war radio amateurs”. My radio-amateur sign is T95MJL.

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Photo:My first radio amateurs club where I got my license back in 1983.

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Photo: The ticket/receipt from the radio-goniometry competition

In peacetime situations and when there are no natural disasters, radio amateurs are ready to expect a call for action. The equipment is usually very old and radio amateurs are not always sure they will work the right way and at the right time.

This type of communication is very important because it does not depend on electricity.

It can work with batteries, aggregates and similar things and go to the field where it is needed.

Radio Club Sarajevo celebrates its seventieth anniversary in 2018. Since 1992, Bosnia and Herzegovina has been a member of the International Telecommunication Union, while in the ’93. In the first year of the first announcement of our country for Eurosong Music Competition, it was announce  through radio amateurs from Sarajevo.

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Photo: Received QSL card confirming who sent me the card, where and when the connection was established.

History of radio amateurism

More than 100 years ago, the first time a message was transmitted via radio waves. Nikola Tesla found a radio transmission, and Marcconni was the first one who used it commercially. At the same time, there is a great curiosity and interest in the radio, as a communication tool. Radio amateurs appear. Initially, they are curious people who are beginning to organize themselves in radio clubs and other forms of association. In 2015, the IARU International Radioamateur Organization celebrated its 90th anniversary.

Radio amaterism has a number of disciplines and the basic ones are:

  • Constructors

This is the first radio amateur discipline that has appeared. Radio amateurs – designers create various devices in the field of electronics, measurements, automation, radio techniques, antennas, auxiliary devices for radio stations, etc. Sometimes they are devices by ready schemes, and sometimes personal constructions. It is known that many amateur constructions have found application in practice and factories have taken over their mass production. Because of this, many world manufacturers of radio equipment support radio amateurs, since they come up with ideas and some technical solutions free of charge. There are practically no competitions in this field, but there are exhibitions of fairs, presentations, etc.

  • Operators

Radio amateurs operating on radio stations are called “operators”. They establish radio links among themselves, exchange information on link quality, their experiences, conversations, etc. In this discipline there are competitions of all levels, from regional to international. Propositions for competitions are prescribed by the organizer. Sometimes it is the number of established connections in a certain period of time, sometimes the number of different countries, sometimes in total bridged kilometers or various combinations. The competitions are held throughout the year, especially during the weekend. Radio amateurs have at their disposal a large number of frequency bands for their work. Broadcasting of radio waves primarily depends on the operating frequency, the time of the day, the seasons, the sun’s activity, etc. The spread of radio waves of various frequencies at different time periods is a very important data for equipment producers and radio wave users. This is the reason that in each characteristic frequency band radio amateurs have their own part. In this way, the “free” comes up with important data.

  • Radio goniometry

The use of radio transmission has created the problem of locating the radio transmitter for several reasons. Some of them are: finding a transmitter that does not have a broadcast license or deliberately or accidentally bother other participants, hostile radio transmitters, etc. Devices for finding a transmitter are called “radio goniometers”.

Radio amateurs are trained and compete in locating a radio transmitter, and the popular name of this discipline is “fox hunting”. Using special radio receivers with directional antennas (“foxes”), radio amateurs locate hidden radio transmitters, running them coming to them and registering time finding hidden transmitters. These competitions are organized at all levels. This is a technical and sports discipline in radio amateurism.

  • RMZO – Radio Network for Danger

This is not a special discipline of radio amateurism. In the event of any “disaster”, when professional radio links that come out of the function on the scene, radio amateurs enter, make available to the community and provide them with the necessary and urgent radio connections. There are a number of positive examples of this activity. To this end, radio amateur organizations make special rules and occasionally performs work checks. This activity exists from regional to international level.

If you are thinking about your new hobby, think about doing this beautiful and above all humanitarian hobby. You never know when and where you can help all the people of the world who are in trouble.

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The biggest concentration camp Gaza

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Gaza

This is Gaza2

This is Gaza. It’s 360 km2 with population of over 2 millions and with average 5000 new baby born a month.
Since 2006, Gaza suffers nearly everything from the lack of electricity to the lack of food and water supplies.
We tried 3 genocidal wars since 2008, hundreds of people killed and thousands more wounded with destruction of thousands of houses still waiting for the reconstruction.
Since April 2017, the Palestinian Authority and its president Mahmoud Abbas put more sanctions on Gaza that started with reducing the salaries to 70% and later with 50% of the salaries.
Since last month, the employees haven’t received their salaries and Abbas is still threatening with more and more sanctions that will reach to the cut of poor families fund.
This means that the life in Gaza will stop and the people will die gradually.
If the world hasn’t acted soon, the situation will explode and there will be more and more disasters.
Help Gaza before it’s too late.
We are not asking for money. We want the world to put pressures on the governments to help lift this bad siege on Gaza.
11 years of siege is enough. Gaza is dying.

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Please, help Gaza before it’s too late.

The Prix Virginia Photo Contest 2018

The prix VIRGINIA

The Prix VIRGINIA is organized by the Association SYLVIA S.

It recognizes the work of a woman photographer.

It is awarded in accordance with the following rules:

The Prix VIRGINIA, awarded every other year, beginning in 2012, is open to all living professional women photographers, regardless of age or nationality, with the exception of photo journalism and advertising. Photographs submitted for the Prix VIRGINIA must not have been exhibited in France. Requests for assistance with projects, reporting, or exhibitions will not be considered.

The Jury is composed of eight key cultural figures who deliberate and designate the Winner. Members serve one two-year term, with the exception of the President and a representative of M, the magazine of le Monde.

The jury receives applications from candidates directly as well as through international experts (photo editors, photographers’ agents, critics, gallery owners, etc.). The deliberations of the Jury are secret and will not be communicated officially. The President of the Prix VIRGINIA Jury organizes and leads the discussion, and holds a casting vote. The Jury alone has the authority to resolve any questions not covered by these rules, and in the event that it decides no application meets the required criteria, it reserves the right not to award the Prize.

 With the exception of the Winner, applicants may re-apply for the Prix VIRGINIA at each two-year cycle.

 The jury shall designate the Winner and the Selection of the Jury consisting of 10 photographers.

 Awards

– 10,000€ from the Association SYLVIA S, for the winner.

– An Exhibition in the Espace Oppidum in Paris for the winner, with Central Dupon Images support.

– A Publication of the winner’s photographs or one of the 10 shortlisted photographers in M, le magazine du Monde.

– A Carte blanche for a Portrait de Ville edited by Be-Pôles editions for the winner or one of the 10 shortlisted photographers.

– A book publication of the winner’s photographs and the 10 shortlisted photographers.

 All informational and promotional materials used during these exhibitions and publications must include the mention “© Prix VIRGINIA 2018”.

 The Winner will be announced during a formal, public ceremony by the President of the Jury at a date announced after the deli be rations in Paris, in the presence of the Winner, the Jury, and the media.

 The organizers of the Prix VIRGINIA can not be held liable for any loss, theft, or damage that may occur, including during shipping of applications.

How to apply

 Article 1/ The candidate must submit a  file including:

– A complete CV and a short letter of motivation written by the candidate, describing the creative and artistic dimensions of the submitted work, and the filled and signed application form (to download on the website).

– The signed agreement letter stating that images are royalty-free and free for use for the Prix VIRGINIA and its promotion in all media, known and unknown at this date, for non-commercial use only.

– 12 to 15  photographs, (with captions, date, title and format) on unrelated themes or grouped by subject, black and white and/or color. Each photograph has to be at format Jpeg, 72 dpi and no more than 1,5 Mo (or Mb).

– Joign 3 A4 (or similar format, no bigger format authorized) paper print, chosen among the photographs submitted to the Prix Virginia.

Except the three prints, all these documents (photographs and signed forms) have to be sent on a single CD or USB key.

Article 2/ Before submitting any materials, each candidate must carefully verify that all documents (paper and digital) are easily identi_able, and that her name is clearly legible. It is essential that each photograph be dated and captioned. The Association SYLVIA S. is not responsible for any loss, theft, or damage to these documents.

Only applications accompanied by a stamped return envelope will be returned. All files not accompanied by a stamped return envelope will be destroyed after December 1, 2018.

Article 3/ Once the Prize has been awarded by the Jury, the Winner and the selectionned photographers will submit via CD 5 files (72 and 320 dpi) of photographs available to the Association SYLVIA S, for two years, until the next attribution of the award, for the promotion of the Prix VIRGINIA via its partners and the media.

Article 4/ Any application that does not meet the conditions in articles 1 and 2 will not be submitted to the jury.

Article 5/ Submitting an application indicates acceptance of these rules.

 Timeline

– From the 2nd of January to the 7th of May 2018 (closing date): submission of applications

– October 2018 : official presentation of the Prize in Paris

 More on http://www.prixvirginia.com

Download

Download the rules

Download the application folder

If you have a chance, donate mini book to this unique museum in the world

Baku (Azerbaijan) Museum of Miniature Books

The Miniature Book Museum is unique in the world. It was founded in 2002 at the initiative of Mrs. Zariha Salahova. Mrs. Zariha Salahova is the Executive Director of the Museum. The museum is located in the old part of the capital city of Azerbaijan-Baku, in the city center.

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Over the period of 30 years and more, Ms. Salahova has managed to collect over 6,500 miniature books from over 60 countries of the world. The main motive for the launch and establishment of the Museum was to animate and revive “love for books” among the younger population.

The collection contains miniature books published in Russia after the Revolution and the Soviet era. The Museum offers mini-books from Europe, Central Asia, as well as Moldova, Georgia, Ukraine and Belarus. Many rare editions are exhibited in the Museum, such as works by Alexander Pushkin, Gogol, Dostoyevsky…etc.. Miniature books from writers from Azerbaijan include the works of Vagifa, Khurshidbana Natavan, Nizami Ganjavia and many others also found their place in this museum. One of the most important miniature books exhibited in this museum, is the afore mentioned edition of the Qur’an from the 17th century, and a book published by Peter Schoffer (succeeding Johannes Gutenberg) from the 13th century. Former President of the Republic of Croatia, Mr. Ivo Josipović also visited this museum during his visit to Baku, and on that occasion donated to the museum a miniature edition of the “Bible”.

Entrance to the museum is free.

If you, also, have miniature editions of some books that you would like to donate to this unusual museum, you can do so by looking for the Embassy of Azerbaijan in your country, and through an embassy staff, donate the books you want.

Another option is to contact Ms. Betty Blair (Chief International Azerbaijan Magazine Editor, contact email address is: ai@anet.net). With the help of Mrs. Gladly Blair, you can donate miniature books to this truly unique and unusual museum in the world. Thank you very much for your time to read this post and for your potential donation to this museum.

Image: Atlas Obscura

Why is Erich Maria Remarque always up-to-date and always fascinating?

The Federal Republic of Germany has given even 8 Nobel laureates to the world so far. Among them is remarkable Erich Maria Remarque. The human’s characteristics that is slowly extinct in a cruel and turbulent 21st century is being penetrated through all Remarque’s literary works and it is: shame. Remarque became famous for a series of works describing the horrors of war, he was the participant of war as well. His most famous novel is ” All Quiet on the Western Front ” (original in German: Im Westen nichts Neues), originally published in 1928 in sequels. In 1929, this novel was published as a book. This novel gives us an insight of the cruelty of war from the angle of nineteen-year-old soldiers. Remarque continues his writing of a number of works of similar characteristics and themes.

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Photo: Wikipedia

The quote from his book ” All Quiet on the Western Front “:

“We sit so opposite to each other, Katz and I, two soldiers in ragged coats and bake a goose in the middle of the night. We do not speak much, but we are full of attention, which is more gentle than I can imagine among lovers. Outside is the night and the cycle of death.” Erich Maria Remarque

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Photo: LibGuides

This German writer was so ashamed of all the crimes committed in the name of Germany and Germans. You, as a potential reader of his works, will notice this in his perfect and striking sentences, which will not leave anyone indifferent. Once you start reading Remarque, you’ll always be back to him. Always.

Erich Maria Remarque was born as Erich Paul Remark on June 22, 1898 in Osnabrück, Germany. He changed his middle name in the honor of his mother. He received an education in private Catholic schools and subsequently enrolled in a training school for teachers, which he attended until he was conscripted into the German army. At this time, he also began writing fiction. He died on the 25th September 1970.

Remarque was a German novelist who created many works about the horrors of war. His best known novel All Quiet on the Western Front (1928), about German soldiers in the First World War, was made into an Oscar-winning film. His book made him an enemy of the Nazis, who burned many of his works.

Dear Erich,

Thank you very much for all your great works and rest in peace.